Born 20 January 1942. Educated Duke of York's Royal Military School Dover and Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. Elected Fellow of the Institute of Management in 1983 and Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Transport in 1989. Undertook Defence Fellowship at the University of Cambridge 1989–90. Elected Research Fellow of the Centre for Defence and International Security Studies (CDISS) Lancaster University in 1992. Master of Philosophy (M.Phil Cantab) in International Relations. PhD in Politics (Lancaster University).

Over 30 years in the British Army specialising in logistics. Seven years were spent in the Far East seconded to the Brigade of Gurkhas. Commanded squadron and regiment in Germany and Northern Ireland. Was instructor at both the Army Staff College Camberley and Australian Command and Staff College. Took early voluntary retirement in 1992 whilst British Army's Head of Defence Studies in the rank of Colonel.